The thyroid is a crucial gland in the human body, and its improper functioning challenges your health conditions. Controlling your body’s metabolic process produces thyroid hormones responsible for regulating many biological functions. Moreover, these hormones fuel energy in your body, normalizing your body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure.
If the thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones in excess or deficit, it can lead to hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.
According to The Hindu’s report published in 2021, thyroid disease is standard across the globe, and due to non-specific symptoms, 60% of the cases go unnoticed. Moreover, 90-95% of thyroid cases may be severe and require immediate medication.
We often overlook the health of our thyroid gland. For optimal functioning of the thyroid gland, it is essential to get your check-up done in the best diagnostic centre. Moreover, watch what’s on your plate as the nutritional components in your diet may contribute to keeping your gland in a balanced state.
Before acquainting you with the foods, let us take you through the gland’s functioning, causes, and symptoms of thyroid disease.
Functioning of the Thyroid Gland
The human body is a pack of various glands that serve different purposes to keep you in good health. Among them, the thyroid is a vital hormone gland that majorly contributes to the human body’s metabolism, growth, and development.
The thyroid gland has a butterfly-shaped structure at the front of the neck under the voice box. Surrounded by two fibrous capsules, the thyroid gland has the outer capsule linked to the voice box, vessels, and nerves. Between the inner and outer capsules, there is a loose connective tissue between these capsules for easy movement of the thyroid gland when you swallow.
Depending on the body’s functioning, the thyroid gland releases enough hormones into the bloodstream when your body is growing, experiencing cold, or during pregnancy. If the hormone production cycle is disturbed, it causes thyroid disease.
What is Thyroid Disease?
Thyroid disease is a medical condition that impedes the production of an accurate amount of thyroid hormones in your body. Due to disparity in hormonal balance, creating more than the required hormones, your body exhausts energy stores. This condition is called hyperthyroidism. Here is what happens in this disease:
- When your body uses energy faster, you feel tired, resulting in a higher heart rate. Furthermore, you lose body weight and run low on energy.
Contrarily, when your body produces lesser hormones, it gives rise to hypothyroidism. This is what you feel in this condition:
- Moreover, you may put on weight, and your body becomes temperature intolerant when it dips.
Thyroid disease can be inherited and may be caused by various conditions in your body.
Causes of Thyroid Disease
Several conditions may be the cause of hypothyroidism.
In this condition, an inflammation in the thyroid gland reduces the amount of hormones produced.
- Postpartum Thyroiditis
Usually, this is not permanent and may occur in women after giving birth to a child.
- Iodine Deficiency
In the human body, the thyroid gland uses iodine to produce hormones. If your body becomes iodine deficient, it creates internal health issues.
Now, let’s know the conditions that cause hyperthyroidism.
- Graves’ Disease
This condition causes the whole thyroid gland to be overactive, producing excess hormone, and the gland enlarges. This problem is also referred to as a diffuse toxic goitre.
- Iodine in Excess
As your body uses iodine to produce the hormones, excessive iodine may lead to the overproduction of thyroid hormones.
Overactive nodules in the thyroid gland may cause hyperthyroidism. One nodule in the thyroid gland is called a toxic autonomously functioning thyroid nodule, while multiple nodules in the gland are called a toxic multinodular goitre.
Symptoms of Thyroid Disease
If you experience any of the following symptoms in your body, get immediately diagnosed with a health professional:
- Irritation, anxiety, and frustration.
- Trouble sleeping at night.
- Gaining or losing weight.
- Muscle weakness or tremors.
- Temperature sensitivity.
- Disturbed menstrual cycle.
If you find any of the above symptoms, contact Lupin Diagnostics, which has professional experts in their pathology lab for clinical testing.
To keep your thyroid gland in good health, some foods can be helpful for you.
Foods to Improve Thyroid Functioning
A balanced diet can be the easiest way to help you balance thyroid gland functioning. Here are some superfoods:
- Roasted Seaweeds
Some seaweeds, such as kelp, nori, and wakame, have high amounts of iodine, and you can consume them with sushi or packed seaweed snacks with salads. These are rich in minerals, antioxidants, and vitamins like A, C, E, and B12.
- Salty Nuts
Brazil nuts, macadamia nuts, and hazelnuts are some salted nuts that provide selenium to your body. They support the healthy functioning of the thyroid gland and contribute to your overall well-being.
Being rich in Omega-3 fatty acids and selenium, intake of an adequate amount of fish decreases the inflammation, protecting the thyroid damage. For the healthy functioning of your thyroid gland, baked salmon, cod, sea bass, or haddock gives you the right nutrients.
- Dairy Products
Iodine deficiency or excess iodine misbalances thyroid functioning. Dairy products like yoghurt, ice cream, and milk contain iodine that prevents goitre. Ensure to consume these products in a balanced amount for sufficient iodine production.
Eggs are a rich source of selenium and iodine. To take the most advantage of these nutrients, eat the whole egg.
If you suspect the symptoms of thyroid disease, Lupin Diagnostics houses a professional team of pathologists to give you the right thyroid test results. Get your thyroid test done in their pathology lab and maintain good health.