Is a Tax advisor an accountant?

Tax advisor and accountant: what can each person do? Here are the differences between the professions, with requirements and meaning of the respective competencies.

The difference between an accountant and a tax advisor can be the subject of legitimate doubts, in consideration of the sometimes similar tasks they perform. However, the normative meaning and the definition of the activities carried out by the two professions have precise differences, which is good to know.

In fact, if the chartered accountant is a qualification that belongs only to those who have passed the State examination and are registered in the relative Order, the tax advisor is one of the non-organized professions, pursuant to law 4/2013.

Let’s see what is the difference between an accountant and a tax advisor, starting with how to become each of the two, up to the duties of the two professions.

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What does a tax consultant do?

The chartered accountant is a professional registered with the ODCEC, who has passed the path required to access the qualification. The process to become an accountant requires a specialist/master’s degree in economics, an 18-month internship with a chartered accountant or accountant qualified for at least 5 years.

Finally, the requirements for becoming an accountant also include passing the State examination for access to the profession.

In short, the stages to acquire the qualification provide for a path that is certainly not easy, only at the end of which you can boast the title of an accountant. Among the tasks and duties performed can be mentioned the management of accounting, budget planning, consultancy for companies in tax matters.

Unlike the accountant, the tax advisor is not part of an order, being an activity regulated by the legislation on non-organized professions (Law 4/2013 ). The tax attorney can exercise his business by being part of associations recognized by the Ministry of Economic Development, or in voluntary self-regulation with certification of compliance with the UNI technical regulation.

For the figure of the tax attorney, specific requirements on what the professional is and what he can do have been listed in the UNI 11511: 2013 standard. To be a tax attorney you may need both a high school diploma and a degree in economics or law.

Tax consultant and accountant: duties and reserves

The tax consultant is defined as a professional figure who “provides consultancy and works, with his own technical ability, in the tax, fiscal, administrative and corporate sectors, in the public and private sectors”.

However, it should be emphasized that the exercise of some activities cannot be carried out by a tax advisor, falling within the competencies carried out by law by other professional professions indicated by the legislation, such as that of an accountant.

In fact, unlike the accountant, the tax advisor cannot exercise the activities of the former, unless a crime pursuant to art. 348 criminal code.

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Tax litigation

Tax litigation is the judicial procedure that concerns tax disputes between the taxpayer and the tax administration.

The subject of the process is the administrative acts of the financial administration, challenged by the taxpayer. It is known that the administration can issue binding acts for the taxpayer, if not promptly challenged, without having to resort to the judicial authority. The competence lies with the territorially competent tax commission. Tax litigation can only arise following the challenge of one of the acts strictly prescribed by article 19 of legislative decree no. 546/1992. The acts against which an appeal can be lodged are:

 

  • the duty appraisal notice;
  • the notification of instalment of the duty;
  • the arrangement that forces the approvals;
  • the job and the instalment organizer;
  • the notification of late instalment;
  • the enlistment of a home loan on land;
  • the confinement of enlisted portable property;
  • archives connecting with land vault activities;
  • the express or unsaid refusal to return expenses, fines and interest or different adornments not due;
  • the refusal or denial of concessions or the dismissal of solicitations for a worked with meaning of assessment relations;
  • some other represent which the law accommodates its independent allure before the duty commissions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Read More:                                                                                                                                                                                     

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